Documents & Guides

Explore a variety of topics about marine spills, response and compensation matters in the pages below.

Each topic and area of interest provides access to more detailed documentation that is freely downloadable.

This includes our 17 Technical Information Papers which are fully illustrated with photos and diagrams and are available in several languages. 

What happens to oil in the marine environment over time when spilled at sea? How do different factors such as volume and physical and chemical properties affect the fate of oil spills? 

How does oil impact seabirds, plankton, sea mammals and the shoreline?  

Which industries might suffer temporary economic losses and loss of market confidence?

What are the specific chemical response strategies for responding to a Hazardous and Noxious Substance spill, and what are the potential effects on human and marine life? 

What information is needed for an effective oil spill contingency plan? How can aerial observation and protective strategies assist with response operations? 

What techniques are available for cleaning up oil at sea and on the shoreline?

What planning and waste management systems need to be put in place to reduce the volume of oily waste for treatment or disposal?

What legal arrangements and sources of compensation are available for a spill from a ship?

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Information document – the role of ITOPF (2011)

This information document is offered to delegates in order to provide some background to the origin of ITOPF and its role in supporting the P&I Clubs and the IOPC Funds following incidents. It provides a description of ITOPF's funding and its objectivity in spill response and preparedness.

Categories: Papers , Spill Response, Damage Assessment, Contingency Planning & Advice

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Compensation for environmental damage caused by oil spills: an international perspective (2006)

Compensation for clean up costs and damages caused by oil spills from tankers is governed in many maritime nations by two International Conventions, the Civil Liability Convention (CLC) and the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FC).

Categories: Papers , Damage Assessment, Compensation

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Approaches to environmental damage claims (2009)

This paper examines the differences between the approaches to environmental damage compensation under the US 1990 Oil Spill Pollution Act and the international regime.

Categories: Papers , Damage Assessment, Compensation

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