Hong-Kong



Spill Notification Point

Maritime Emergency & Rescue Coordination Centre

4/F, Outer Island, Macau Ferry Terminal, Central District Hong Kong

Tel: (852) 2233 7999 (24hr)
Fax: (852) 2541 7714


Competent National Authority

Pollution Control Unit

Marine Department Harbour Building, 38 Pier Road Central Hong Kong

Tel: (852) 2542 3711
Fax: (852) 2541 7194


Response Arrangements

The Pollution Control Unit of the Marine Department of the Hong Kong government is the principal authority responsible for oil pollution matters.  It has developed a maritime oil spill response plan (MOSRP) based upon the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation Convention (OPRC 1990) and community involvement. Depending upon the seriousness of an incident, other government departments and also commercial interests, auxiliary services and the defence forces would also be involved.  A level 1 spill will primarily involve Marine Department resources but place other specified departments / industry on alert.  A level 2 spill, where the incident is beyond the capability of the Marine Department, will involve other interests and international help if required.

The Pollution Control Unit organises an annual oil spill response joint exercise with participants from government departments and local oil companies to test the preparedness of the government and private sector to handling major oil spills from ships.


Response Policy

Containment and recovery are the preferred response methods, but some reliance is placed on the use of dispersants.  Only certain dispersants as approved by the Environmental Protection Department are be used. Dispersant spraying is to be specifically avoided, except as an absolute last resort, in the vicinity of mariculture, certain industrial water intakes and designated sites of Special Scientific Interest.


Equipment

Government

The Marine Department has outsourced its oil spill cleaning service and its contractor is well equipped with vessels and anti-pollution resources to deal with oil spills up to 5,500 tonnes.  The Marine Department can also call upon government owned crafts which can be fitted with dispersant spraying equipment.  In addition, the department owns extensive quantities of oil containment boom, skimming units of varying capacity and helicopter-slung dispersant applicators.  The Flying Services of the Hong Kong government are detailed within the MOSRP to perform aerial surveillance, equipment transport and application of dispersant.

Private

There are a number of private oil spill contractors in Hong Kong. Oil companies operating in Hong Kong also have a variety of oil pollution combating equipment, including that for containment, recovery and spraying.


Previous Spill Experience

The container vessel ADRIAN MAERSK (1977) grounded off Lamma Island spilling some 3,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil.  Despite heavy dispersant application, oil impacted the shore and was cleaned using manual methods.  The HOI FUNG No.1 (1990) barge sank within a typhoon shelter spilling 190 tonnes of waste lubrication oil.  This was contained by the sea walls and cleaned by mechanical means.


Hazardous & Noxious Substances (HNS)

The government has formulated a “Maritime Hazardous and Noxious Substances Spill Response Plan” to combat pollution incidents by HNS in the waters of Hong Kong. The Marine Department, the Environmental Protection Department and the Fire Services Department would all be involved in HNS incidents at sea. As with oil spills, the Marine Department has an outsourcing arrangement with a private contractor for clean-up.


Conventions

Prevention & Safety

MARPOL Annexes
73/78IIIIV V VI

Spill Response

OPRC '90 OPRC HNS

Compensation

CLC FundSuppHNS*Bunker
'69 '76 '92 '92Fund

* not yet in force  


Regional and bilateral agreements

The Marine Department has signed a co-operation agreement with the maritime administrations of Guangdong, Macao and Shenzhen to adopt a regional maritime oil spill response plan for the Pearl River estuary. The aim of this plan is to enhance regional cooperation and practice in the event of a major oil spill incident occurring in any of the neighbouring ports.


Date of issue: May 2013

Terms & Conditions

These Country & Territory Profiles are provided in good faith as a guide only and are based on information obtained from a variety of sources over a period of time.  This information is subject to change and should, in each case, be independently verified before reliance is placed on it. Country & Territory Profiles may have been re-issued solely to incorporate additional or revised information under one heading only.  Each Profile has therefore not necessarily been completely verified or updated as at the stated Date of Issue.

ITOPF Limited (“ITOPF”) hereby excludes, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all liability to any person, corporation or other entity for any loss, damage or expense resulting from reliance on or use of these Country & Territory Profiles.

©ITOPF Limited 2018

These Country & Territory Profiles may be reproduced by any means for non-commercial distribution without addition, deletion or amendment, provided an acknowledgement of the source is given and these Terms & Conditions are reproduced in full. 

These Country & Territory Profiles may not be reproduced without the prior written permission of ITOPF either for commercial distribution or with addition, deletion or amendment.