Helen Chapman, Karen Purnell (ITOPF) & Robin J Law & Mark F Kirby (CEFAS)
Article published in Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54 (7), July 2007
In order to better understand the practice of dispersant use, a review has been undertaken of marine oil spills over a 10 year period (1995 - 2005), looking in particular at variations between different regions and oil-types. This viewpoint presents and analyses the review data and examines a range of dispersant use policies. The paper also discusses the need for a reasoned approach to dispersant use and introduces past cases and studies to highlight lessons learned over the past ten years, focussing on dispersant effectiveness and monitoring; toxicity and environmental effects; the use of dispersants in low salinity waters; response planning and future research needs.