Case Studies

NOVA, off Iran, 1985

NOVA, off Iran, 1985

On 6th December 1985 VLCC NOVA, carrying 188,000 tonnes of Iranian Light crude oil, collided with ULCC MAGNUM, in ballast, approximately in the Gulf of Iran. The collision damaged five cargo tanks on NOVA, resulting in a spill of approximately 70,000 tonnes.

Category: Iran, Oil, Oil Tanker, Asia

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CASTILLO DE BELLVER, South Africa, 1983

CASTILLO DE BELLVER, South Africa, 1983

CASTILLO DE BELLVER, carrying 252,000 tonnes of light crude oil caught fire about 70 miles north west of Cape Town, South Africa on 6th August 1983.

Category: South Africa, Oil, Oil Tanker, Africa

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TANIO, France, 1980

TANIO, France, 1980

On 7th March 1980 TANIO, carrying 26,000 tonnes of No. 6 fuel oil, broke in two during violent weather conditions off the coast of Brittany, France. As a result approximately 13,500 tonnes of cargo oil was spilled.

Category: France, Oil, Oil Tanker, Europe, Economic effects

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INDEPENDENTA, Bosphorus, Turkey, 1979

INDEPENDENTA, Bosphorus, Turkey, 1979

On 15th November 1979, Romanian tanker INDEPENDENTA collided with the Greek cargo ship EVRIALI, off Haydarpasa at the entrance to the Bosphorus, in Turkey. A part of the cargo of 93,800 tonnes of Libyan Es Sider crude oil spilled and caught fire.

Category: Turkey, Oil, Oil Tanker, Asia

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ATLANTIC EMPRESS, West Indies, 1979

ATLANTIC EMPRESS, West Indies, 1979

On 19 July 1979 two fully loaded VLCCs (very large crude carriers), the ATLANTIC EMPRESS and AEGEAN CAPTAIN, were involved in a collision approximately 10 miles off Tobago during a tropical rainstorm. Both vessels began leaking oil immediately after the collision and both caught fire.

Category: West Indies, Oil, Oil Tanker, Americas

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AMOCO CADIZ, France, 1978

AMOCO CADIZ, France, 1978

The tanker AMOCO CADIZ ran aground off the coast of Brittany on 16th March 1978 following a steering gear failure. Over a period of two weeks the entire cargo of 223,000 tonnes of light Iranian and Arabian crude oil and 4,000 tonnes of bunker fuel was released into heavy seas.

Category: France, Oil, Oil Tanker, Europe, Environmental effects

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HAWAIIAN PATRIOT, off Hawaii, 1977

HAWAIIAN PATRIOT, off Hawaii, 1977

On 23th February 1977, HAWAIIAN PATRIOT fully loaded with 99,000 tonnes of light Indonesian crude oil reported a leak of oil, approximately 300 miles west of Hawaii.

Category: United States, Oil, Oil Tanker, Americas

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ARGO MERCHANT, United States, 1976

ARGO MERCHANT, United States, 1976

ARGO MERCHANT ran aground on Nantucket Shoals, off Massachusetts, USA, on 15th December 1976, and over the next month spilled her entire cargo (28,000 tonnes) of Venezuelan No 6 fuel oil and cutter stock.

Category: United States, Oil, Oil Tanker, Americas, Environmental effects

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URQUIOLA, Spain, 1976

URQUIOLA, Spain, 1976

On 12th May 1976 the tanker URQUIOLA struck bottom on entering the port of La Coruña and began leaking oil. It was estimated that 100,000 tonnes of Arabian Light crude oil was spilt during this incident.

Category: Spain, Oil, Oil Tanker, Europe, Dispersants

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JAKOB MAERSK, Leixoes, Portugal, 1975

JAKOB MAERSK, Leixoes, Portugal, 1975

On 29th January 1975 the Danish tanker JAKOB MAERSK struck bottom while manoeuvring onto the berth with the aid of tugs at the port of Leixoes, northern Portugal. It was carrying ~88,000 tonnes of oil, comprising Iranian light crude oil cargo and bunker fuel oil when the incident occurred.

Category: Portugal, Oil, Oil Tanker, Europe

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